SCL Seminar by Serhiy Yanchuk

SCL seminar of the Center for the Study of Complex Systems, will be held on Thursday, 21 September 2017 at 14:00 in the library reading room “Dr Dragan Popović" of the Institute of Physics Belgrade. The talk entitled

"Resistance to noise of neuronal networks with plasticity"

will be given by Professor Serhiy Yanchuk (Technical University, Berlin).

Abstract of the talk:

Intuitively one might expect independent noise to be a powerful tool for desynchronizing a population of synchronized neurons. We here show that, intriguingly, for oscillatory neural populations with adaptive synaptic weights governed by spike timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) the opposite is true. We found that the mean synaptic coupling in such systems increases dynamically in response to the increase of the noise intensity, and there is an optimal noise level, where the amount of synaptic coupling gets maximal in a resonance-like manner as found for the stochastic or coherence resonances, although the mechanism in our case is different. This constitutes a noise-induced self-organization of the synaptic connectivity, which effectively counteracts the desynchronizing impact of independent noise over a wide range of the noise intensity. Given the attempts to counteract neural synchrony underlying tinnitus with noisers and maskers, our results may be of neurobiological relevance.

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